screenshot.cpp 9.78 KB
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/********************************************************************
 KWin - the KDE window manager
 This file is part of the KDE project.

 Copyright (C) 2010 Martin Gräßlin <kde@martin-graesslin.com>
 Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation and/or its subsidiary(-ies)

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*********************************************************************/
#include "screenshot.h"
#include <kwinglutils.h>
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#include <KDE/KDebug>
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#include <KDE/KTemporaryFile>
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#include <QtDBus/QDBusConnection>
#include <QtCore/QVarLengthArray>
#include <QtGui/QPainter>

#include <X11/extensions/Xfixes.h>
#include <QX11Info>
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namespace KWin
{

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KWIN_EFFECT(screenshot, ScreenShotEffect)
KWIN_EFFECT_SUPPORTED(screenshot, ScreenShotEffect::supported())
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bool ScreenShotEffect::supported()
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{
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    return effects->compositingType() == KWin::OpenGLCompositing && GLRenderTarget::supported();
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}
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ScreenShotEffect::ScreenShotEffect()
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    : m_scheduledScreenshot(0)
{
    QDBusConnection::sessionBus().registerObject("/Screenshot", this, QDBusConnection::ExportScriptableContents);
    QDBusConnection::sessionBus().registerService("org.kde.kwin.Screenshot");
}
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ScreenShotEffect::~ScreenShotEffect()
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{
    QDBusConnection::sessionBus().unregisterObject("/Screenshot");
    QDBusConnection::sessionBus().unregisterService("org.kde.kwin.Screenshot");
}
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void ScreenShotEffect::postPaintScreen()
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{
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    effects->postPaintScreen();
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    if (m_scheduledScreenshot) {
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        int w = displayWidth();
        int h = displayHeight();
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        if (!GLTexture::NPOTTextureSupported()) {
            w = nearestPowerOfTwo(w);
            h = nearestPowerOfTwo(h);
        }
        GLTexture* offscreenTexture = new GLTexture(w, h);
        offscreenTexture->setFilter(GL_LINEAR);
        offscreenTexture->setWrapMode(GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
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        GLRenderTarget* target = new GLRenderTarget(*offscreenTexture);
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        if (target->valid()) {
            WindowPaintData d(m_scheduledScreenshot);
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            double left = 0;
            double top = 0;
            double right = m_scheduledScreenshot->width();
            double bottom = m_scheduledScreenshot->height();
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            if (m_scheduledScreenshot->hasDecoration() && m_type & INCLUDE_DECORATION) {
                foreach (const WindowQuad & quad, d.quads) {
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                    // we need this loop to include the decoration padding
                    left   = qMin(left, quad.left());
                    top    = qMin(top, quad.top());
                    right  = qMax(right, quad.right());
                    bottom = qMax(bottom, quad.bottom());
                }
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            } else if (m_scheduledScreenshot->hasDecoration()) {
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                WindowQuadList newQuads;
                left = m_scheduledScreenshot->width();
                top = m_scheduledScreenshot->height();
                right = 0;
                bottom = 0;
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                foreach (const WindowQuad & quad, d.quads) {
                    if (quad.type() == WindowQuadContents) {
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                        newQuads << quad;
                        left   = qMin(left, quad.left());
                        top    = qMin(top, quad.top());
                        right  = qMax(right, quad.right());
                        bottom = qMax(bottom, quad.bottom());
                    }
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                }
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                d.quads = newQuads;
            }
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            int width = right - left;
            int height = bottom - top;
            d.xTranslate = -m_scheduledScreenshot->x() - left;
            d.yTranslate = -m_scheduledScreenshot->y() - top;
            // render window into offscreen texture
            int mask = PAINT_WINDOW_TRANSFORMED | PAINT_WINDOW_TRANSLUCENT;
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            GLRenderTarget::pushRenderTarget(target);
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            glClearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0);
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            glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
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            glClearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
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            effects->drawWindow(m_scheduledScreenshot, mask, QRegion(0, 0, width, height), d);
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            // copy content from framebuffer into image
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            QImage img(QSize(width, height), QImage::Format_ARGB32);
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            glReadPixels(0, offscreenTexture->height() - height, width, height, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, (GLvoid*)img.bits());
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            GLRenderTarget::popRenderTarget();
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            ScreenShotEffect::convertFromGLImage(img, width, height);
            if (m_type & INCLUDE_CURSOR) {
                grabPointerImage(img, m_scheduledScreenshot->x() + left, m_scheduledScreenshot->y() + top);
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            }
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            m_lastScreenshot = QPixmap::fromImage(img);
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            if (m_lastScreenshot.handle() == 0) {
                Pixmap xpix = XCreatePixmap(display(), rootWindow(), m_lastScreenshot.width(),
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                                            m_lastScreenshot.height(), 32);
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                m_lastScreenshot = QPixmap::fromX11Pixmap(xpix, QPixmap::ExplicitlyShared);
                QPainter p(&m_lastScreenshot);
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                p.setCompositionMode(QPainter::CompositionMode_Source);
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                p.drawImage(QPoint(0, 0), img);
            }
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            emit screenshotCreated(m_lastScreenshot.handle());
        }
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        delete offscreenTexture;
        delete target;
        m_scheduledScreenshot = NULL;
    }
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}
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void ScreenShotEffect::screenshotWindowUnderCursor(int mask)
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{
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    m_type = (ScreenShotType)mask;
    const QPoint cursor = effects->cursorPos();
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    foreach (EffectWindow * w, effects->stackingOrder()) {
        if (w->geometry().contains(cursor) && w->isOnCurrentDesktop() && !w->isMinimized()) {
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            m_scheduledScreenshot = w;
        }
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    }
    if (m_scheduledScreenshot) {
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        m_scheduledScreenshot->addRepaintFull();
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    }
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}
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QString ScreenShotEffect::screenshotFullscreen()
{
    if (!GLRenderTarget::blitSupported()) {
        kDebug(1212) << "Framebuffer Blit not supported";
        return QString();
    }

    return blitScreenshot(QRect(0, 0, displayWidth(), displayHeight()));
}

QString ScreenShotEffect::screenshotScreen(int screen)
{
    if (!GLRenderTarget::blitSupported()) {
        kDebug(1212) << "Framebuffer Blit not supported";
        return QString();
    }

    return blitScreenshot(effects->clientArea(FullScreenArea, screen, 0));
}

QString ScreenShotEffect::screenshotArea(int x, int y, int width, int height)
{
    if (!GLRenderTarget::blitSupported()) {
        kDebug(1212) << "Framebuffer Blit not supported";
        return QString();
    }

    return blitScreenshot(QRect(x, y, width, height));
}

QString ScreenShotEffect::blitScreenshot(const QRect &geometry)
{
#ifdef KWIN_HAVE_OPENGLES
    Q_UNUSED(geometry)
    return QString();
#else
    GLTexture tex(geometry.width(), geometry.height());
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    GLRenderTarget target(tex);
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    target.blitFromFramebuffer(geometry);
    // copy content from framebuffer into image
    tex.bind();
    QImage img(geometry.size(), QImage::Format_ARGB32);
    glGetTexImage(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, (GLvoid*)img.bits());
    tex.unbind();
    ScreenShotEffect::convertFromGLImage(img, geometry.width(), geometry.height());
    KTemporaryFile temp;
    temp.setSuffix(".png");
    temp.setAutoRemove(false);
    if (!temp.open()) {
        return QString();
    }
    img.save(&temp);
    temp.close();
    return temp.fileName();
#endif
}
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void ScreenShotEffect::grabPointerImage(QImage& snapshot, int offsetx, int offsety)
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// Uses the X11_EXTENSIONS_XFIXES_H extension to grab the pointer image, and overlays it onto the snapshot.
{
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    XFixesCursorImage *xcursorimg = XFixesGetCursorImage(QX11Info::display());
    if (!xcursorimg)
        return;
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    //Annoyingly, xfixes specifies the data to be 32bit, but places it in an unsigned long *
    //which can be 64 bit.  So we need to iterate over a 64bit structure to put it in a 32bit
    //structure.
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    QVarLengthArray< quint32 > pixels(xcursorimg->width * xcursorimg->height);
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    for (int i = 0; i < xcursorimg->width * xcursorimg->height; ++i)
        pixels[i] = xcursorimg->pixels[i] & 0xffffffff;

    QImage qcursorimg((uchar *) pixels.data(), xcursorimg->width, xcursorimg->height,
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                      QImage::Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied);
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    QPainter painter(&snapshot);
    painter.drawImage(QPointF(xcursorimg->x - xcursorimg->xhot - offsetx, xcursorimg->y - xcursorimg ->yhot - offsety), qcursorimg);

    XFree(xcursorimg);
}

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void ScreenShotEffect::convertFromGLImage(QImage &img, int w, int h)
{
    // from QtOpenGL/qgl.cpp
    // Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation and/or its subsidiary(-ies)
    // see http://qt.gitorious.org/qt/qt/blobs/master/src/opengl/qgl.cpp
    if (QSysInfo::ByteOrder == QSysInfo::BigEndian) {
        // OpenGL gives RGBA; Qt wants ARGB
        uint *p = (uint*)img.bits();
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        uint *end = p + w * h;
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        while (p < end) {
            uint a = *p << 24;
            *p = (*p >> 8) | a;
            p++;
        }
    } else {
        // OpenGL gives ABGR (i.e. RGBA backwards); Qt wants ARGB
        for (int y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            uint *q = (uint*)img.scanLine(y);
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            for (int x = 0; x < w; ++x) {
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                const uint pixel = *q;
                *q = ((pixel << 16) & 0xff0000) | ((pixel >> 16) & 0xff)
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                     | (pixel & 0xff00ff00);
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                q++;
            }
        }

    }
    img = img.mirrored();
}

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bool ScreenShotEffect::isActive() const
{
    return m_scheduledScreenshot != NULL;
}

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} // namespace